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MaSS

stepping stones of maritime history

History

Historical description

At the beginning of October 1701, the ship Merestein set sail for the East departing from Texel. The Merestein sailed for the VOC, the Dutch East India trading company. The journey to Batavia could not be completed however. The ship struck ground at Jutten Island when entering Saldhandra Bay near the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa.

The loss of Merestein

At night the ship broke in two and only 99 out of the over 200 people that were on board of the Merestein survived. The cargo was lost unfortunately. The men that had survived did so by swimming to Jutten Island. However, they were in a perilous situation due to the lack of food and water on the small, rocky island. The day after the unfortunate event, two men set out on a raft of broken timbers in search of help in which they succeeded.

The ships Wezel and Amij were sent to save crew and cargo. They even attempted to reenact the way the Merestein entered the bay in order to find the site of the wreck in an attempt to salvage some elements of the ship.

Jutten Island, South Africa.

 

Archaeological description

Who discovered the wreck remains unclear. Various people claim to be responsible for the discovery of the Merestein. Names that are mentioned most are the Dodds brothers and Hayward & Williams. Both these parties were well known commercial divers and claimed to have discovered the wreck in 1971.

On board of the Merestein were several chests of silver coins. She carried large amounts of silver with her for the purchase of goods in the East. Because of these high value contents, salvage attempts had been done in 1728. John Lethbrigde tried to salvage some of the ships cargo but failed to locate the wreck due to large waves which broke over the site. Thus when the ship wrecked in 1702 several salvage attempts were undertaken. However, Jutten Island proved to be a difficult place to dive and no attempt was taken until modern times.

Description

General information:

Name: Merestein (Meresteyn or Meeresteijn)

Type: Pinas

Master: Jan Subbingh

Built: 1693

Yard: Amsterdam

Chamber: Amsterdam

Tonnage: 826, 413 last

Length: 145 feet (54 m)

Complement: About 200

A Dutch Pinas similar to the Merestein

Status

Status

Protected in terms of the National Heritage Resources Act,No.25 of 1999. This act regards historic shipwrecks as well. The site may not be disturbed without permission of the South African Resources Agency (SAHRA) and artifacts removed from the wreck may not be traded without SAHRA's permission.

SAHRA logo.

East Indiaman

Roman structures