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stepping stones of maritime history

History

The warship Java

In 1916, the keel was laid for the Royal Netherlands Navy light cruiser HNLMS Java at the Koninklijke Maatschappij de Schelde dockyard in Flushing. The building process faced much delay, due to a lack of supplies, several labour strikes and the nationwide introduction of shorter working hours. After Java had finally been launched, the ship became damaged during a performance test, and it was not until 1925 that the ship entered service in the Dutch East Indies. The ship measured 155 m in length and not only carried various gun batteries, but two airplanes as well.

Battle of the Java Sea

On 27 February 1942, having served as a convoy ship for several years, Java became involved in theBattle of the Java Sea, which would seal the fate of the Dutch East Indies. While sailing off the Javanese north coast, the American-British-Dutch-Australian Command fleet under Dutch Rear-Admiral Karel Doorman, was surprised by the two Japanese heavy cruisers Nachi and Haguro.

As Doorman's fleet was overpowered by the Japanese, an escape was attempted. However, just around 23:30, Java was hit by a torpedo fired by Nachi. The ship sank immediately at the cost of 491 of its crew members. Another four allied ships were sunk during the battle, which factually eradicated Dutch presence in South-East Asian waters and marked the end to the Dutch colonial age.

Description

Basic information

Alternative/historic name(s): HNLMS Java

Type: Light cruiser, warship

Associated with: Royal Netherlands Navy

Condition: Largely preserved in situ, published archaeological documentation not available

Heritage status: indicated as 'Historic Shipwreck' on official nautical charts

HNLMS Java anchored at Sydney in 1930 (source: Wikipedia Commons).

Status

Shipwreck

The wreck of the Java was discovered using side-scan sonar and diving inspections on December 1, 2002 during an expedition led by Kevin Denlay. The wreck was found lying on her starboard side in remarkable condition.

HNLMS Java's 15 cm main turret (source: pacificwrecks.com).

Salvage

In 2016 it was discovered that the wrecks of De Ruyter and Java, and much of Kortenaer had disappeared from the seabed, although their imprints on the ocean floor remained. During a meeting on 23 November 2016, President Widodo of Indonesia and Prime Minister Rutte of the Netherlands agreed that the countries would work together to determine what had happened and to preserve their maritime heritage in the future. A three-tracked approach was agreed upon by both governments:
  • Verification of the disappearance;
  • Appreciation of what had happened; and
  • Future cooperation to manage remaining maritime cultural heritage.

For more information on this joint Dutch-Indonesian investigation see:
https://maritime-heritage.com/dossier-battle-java-sea

References

References online
- Hr. Ms. Java- Wikipedia English
- The Battle of the Java Sea - Wikipedia English
- Karel Doorman - Wikipedia English on rear-admiral Karel Doorman
- Australian War memorial

For more information on the joint Dutch-Indonesian investigation see:
https://maritime-heritage.com/dossier-battle-java-sea

East Indiaman

Roman structures