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MaSS

stepping stones of maritime history

History

A short history...

The Hollantsche Leeuw*was an East Indiaman of the VOC.

Unfortunately, not much is known about the ship but that it travelled from the Philippines to Japan, together with another VOC vessel named theVlissingenin the year 1617.Coming from the Philippines, theHollantsche Leeuwarrived in Japanon the 18thof July of the year 1617, where it anchored in Kawachi bay, just 1 km south of the Dutch trading post in Hirado. It foundered the next day in a typhoon. It was later condemned and scrapped in Hirado, at least sometime after 06-08-1617 and before 11-10-1617 (Cocks 1883, p.262;Mulder 1985, pp.39-40, p.269).

Dutch Trading Post in Japan

Between 1609 and 1641 the VOC held a trading post in Hirado, Japan. Within the vicinity the Dutch used several locations for their marine activities, including a deep bay known as Kawachi bay which functioned in sheltering large ships, just a few km south of Hirado village. During the early years of the VOC's endeavours in Asia, the Dutch trading post at Hirado served as an important location where ships could be serviced. This was dearly needed, since the warm Asiatic waters proved an ideal environment for shipworm (Teredo navalis) which feasted on the wooden hulls of ships. Many ships therefore needed repairing after staying a while in these often tropic conditions and were sent to places including Hirado, where they were cleaned, renewed and given double hull layers.

*In Dutch contemporary sources it was frequently referred to as the Roode Leeuw, while an English source referred to it as the Red Lyon. Not to be mistaken with the Roode Leeuw met Pylen.

Description

Ship type: East Indiaman

Propulsion: Sails

Line: Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnia(VOC) or Dutch East India Company

Years active: ... - 1617

East Indiaman the Zon getting cleaned, depicted on the right (Amsterdam Maritime Museum, c. 1650 Reinier Tooms).

East Indiaman

Roman structures