Burgzand Noord 8 (BZN 8) is the wreck of a seventeenth-century armed ship. It was long thought to be the remnants of the VOC galliot De Lelie; however this has turned out to be incorrect. It was discovered in 1997 and physically protected in 2003. The first multibeam recording made on this site was in 2003.
The wreck site is approximately 20 metres wide and 30 metres long. The maximum height differences inside and outside the wreck 3.5 to 4 metres in 2009. At this time, on the southwest side, sharp edges had formed around the polypropylene protection nets. Before the physical protection was put in place, the stern area to the south was already the most protruding feature. Strong erosion here posed a major threat to the entire site.
In 2004, the protective layer was clearly catching sand and most height differences in the wreck had levelled out. However, in the southeast and northwest areas, some individual uncovered ship parts were being revealed and east of the wreck mound, a large but shallow erosion pit approximately 4 by 8 metres was becoming visible in the middle of the wreck. East of the wreck mound, in the north and south regions more sand had been deposited on the wreck site. On the west side, the edges of the protection nets were covered with sand. In 2008, the erosion pit in the east had been deepened, and this continued in 2009. Inside the wreck, the mound was levelling out due to sediment build up.
From 1850 until around 1950, the wreck area eroded by approximately 3 metres, after which sedimentation took over. However, from 1980 onwards, the area stated to erode again, by another 4 metres. Since 2003, when the protection measures were put in place, the wreck mound has hardly changed, while the surrounding area has further eroded.
References in writing
- Brenk, S. van den & M.R. Manders, 2014: Monitoring Scheepswrakken Burgzand Noord Periode 1998-2013, Periplus Archaeomore/RCE Rapport 13-A031, Amsterdam.
- Manders, M.R., 2018: Preserving a layered history of the Western Wadden Sea. Managing an underwater cultural heritage resource, Amersfoort.
- Vos, A. 2012: Onderwaterarcheologie op de Rede van Texel, Amersfoort.