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MaSS

stepping stones of maritime history

History

Historical description

Brederode was built in 1780, and sailed to the Dutch holdings in Asia, and on her homebound voyage to the Netherlands struck a reef during the night east of Cape Town, and sunk carrying a cargo of china, gold and tin. 80 members of the crew were saved, and 12 members lost. The rescued crew members were unable to identify the exact location of the wreck, as they had been afloat for four hours before being rescued.

Dutch East Indiaman type of ships: De liefde en het Gele Fortuin.

Archaeological description

Research
The wreck site of Brederode was found ten km off the coast of Cape Agulhas in South Africa. The wreck lies at a depth of about sixty five meters, and had been the focus of search efforts for many years. The wreck was finally located during a survey by Aqua Exploration using a remote operating vehicle. Video taken at the site proved the identity of the wreck by detailing the VOC emblem on one of the cannons at the site.

Cargo
Brederode carried a rich cargo from a succesful trading voyage to the Dutch East Indies. The cargo contained spices, gold, tin, and porcelain. Divers salvaged large quantities of porcelain from the wreck site, as, due to the protection of the send in which Brederode wrecked, the porcelain had been well protected.

Description

Type: Dutch East Indiaman

Name: Brederode

Master: Gottlieb Mulder

Built: 1780

Yard: Amsterdam

Chamber: Amsterdam

Length: 150 feet

Tonnage: 575 last, 1150 ton

Painting of East Indiaman from c. 1759.

Status

Protected in terms of the National Heritage Resources Act, No.25 of 1999. This act regards historic shipwrecks as well. The site may not be disturbed without permission of the South African Resources Agency (SAHRA) and artifacts removed from the wreck may not be traded without SAHRA's permission.

 

East Indiaman

Roman structures